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美国发布今年最新军事强国排行:看中国名次
来源: 新浪博客 时间: 2014-05-31 14:32:20

 最强

军事11国

  Asymmetrical wars in Afghanistan, Vietnam,and now in Syria demonstrate all too clearly that relatively small numbers ofbelligerents can carry out successful military operations against superiorforces.

  阿富汗,越南以及叙利亚非对称战争表明即使是一小撮的叛乱分子也能成功的对强势部队发起攻击。

  But still, firepower is extremelyimportant. A country's projection of power relies in large part upon itsmilitary capabilities. Successfully being able to project and wield that poweris a key diplomatic asset.

  但是,火力依然是最重要的。一个国家力量的投射很大程度上要依赖于其军事实力。如果能成功投放和使用这种力量,那将给一个国家带来关键的外交优势。

  The website Global Firepower ranks themost powerful militaries in the world based on multiple factors, includingavailable manpower, total labor force, and access to strategic assets. Nuclearcapabilities are not included in the calculation.

  媒体根据各个因素评出了全球军事实力最强大的国家,这些因素包括可用的人力资源,总的劳动力人口,以及战略资产的可获得性。并不包括核能力。

  Below are the 11 most powerful militariesin the world according to the 2014 rankings (click country names to seemilitary assets data)。

  根据2014年排名,以下是全世界军事实力最强大的11个国家。

  11. Israel

  以色列

  Israel spends significantly more than itsneighbors proportionally for defense. In 2009, Israel spent 18.7% of itsnational budget on defense. Israel's defense budget stands at $15 billion.

  在军费上,以色列比邻国要高出许多。2009年,以色列国家预算中的18.7%用于国防。以色列的国防预算为150亿美元。

  A large percentage of the Israeli defensebudget goes toward defense technology. One of the best examples of this isIsrael's Iron Dome, a missile defense shield that can intercept rockets shotinto Israel from the Palestinian territories. Israel aims to replace Iron Domewith a laser defense shield called Iron Beam.

  以色列国防预算的很大一部分花在了国防技术上。其中最好的例子之一就是以色列的铁穹防御系统,这种

导弹防御系统可以拦截从巴勒斯坦境内向以色列发射的火箭弹。以色列计划用一种叫做“铁束”的激光防御系统来代替“铁穹”。

 

 

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资料图:以色列军队

 

 

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资料图:日本阅兵

  10. Japan

  日本

  Japan increased its defense spending forthe first time in 11 years in response to growing disputes with China. It hasalso started its first military expansion in over 40 years by placing a newmilitary base on its outer islands. Japan spends $49.1 billion on defense, thesixth most in the world.

  为了应对与中国的争端,日本11年来首次增加国防预算。同时,通过在外部群岛上建立一个新的军事基地,日本40多年来进行了第一次的军事扩张。日本军费为491亿美元,排世界第六。   Japan's military is fairly well-equipped.It currently has 247,000 active personnel with an additional 57,900 in reserve. Japan alsohas 1,595 aircraft, the world's fifth largest air force, and 131 ships. Japan'smilitary is limited by a peace clause in the constitution that makes it illegalfor the country to have an offensive army.

  日本军队装备相当精良。目前拥有247000机动部队,57900预备部队。日本拥有1595架战机,属世界第五大空军,拥有131艘战舰。日本军事受到宪法中和平条款的限制,所以拥有侵略性的军队是非法的。

 
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